[lwptoc width=”full” backgroundColor=”#f7f7f7″]

A trademark is an intellectual property consisting of a recognizable sign, design or impression which can distinguish products or services of a particular provider from those of competitors. 

Trademarks can be located on the package, label or product itself. They and their associated goodwill, can be important legal rights supporting brands. As such, a trademark valuation is required, similar to brand valuation.

Trademark Valuation - 4 Best Practices Explained

A brand is a constituent element of any business and the registered trademark is considered as a commercial brand supporting the development of your business activity. 

When it comes to trademark valuation, there are a few factors that need to be taken into consideration besides valuation methods:

Trademark valuation methods are extensive and here are 4 of the most common best practices:

Trademark Valuation - 4 Best Practices Explained

1. Market Multiples Approach

This mainly deploys the study of companies in a similar industry to comparable business models with a similar size. Their financial and accounting data is collected. Trademark evaluation is based on identifying the most relevant company business models and comparing their business performance with your company, thereby calculating the relevant multiples and ratios. 

By using this method, the data will help evaluators to establish the most relevant multiple linked to your trademark valuation by taking references into account such as revenue, gross margin, current income before taxes and net income etc. Additionally, analysis of the operating territories and brand’s positioning are also done to moderate these multiples. 

2. Market Approach

This is based on market observation and actual trademark valuations of comparable brands through research or public accounting data. Hence specific market-related data is required. It is generally based on ratios enabling by estimating the value of the target brand according to brands or companies in the similar industry. A risk premium is then derived. 

The data and ratios collected, are then compared and transposed to estimate the value of a brand, taking into account its specific characteristics – market, reputation, territory and activity. The size of competing companies is also taken into consideration.

Trademark Valuation - 4 Best Practices Explained

3. Income Approach

Present value of future incremental cash flows attributable to the specific trademark valuation, needs to be determined by the evaluator. To determine this value, four factors are taken into consideration:

The nature of the cash flows associated with a trademark typically includes the use of a trademark in the sale of one or more products. 

4. Relief From Royalties Approach

The amount of royalties that a company would have to pay is being assessed based on a hypothetical licensing agreement just in case it did not own its brand. Other factors like industry, territory, reputation of the licensed brand and planned developments are also taken into account. 

This method is based on actual commercial contracts or contracts in progress. Similar licenses in identical industries are also being analyzed for a more accurate conclusion so that the terms regarding the theoretical royalties that could be granted under a trademark license signed with comparable conditions, can be defined. 

A theoretical average royalty rate is established over a certain period of time and the discounted royalty flow method is then applied. The value of the brand is thus determined on the basis of sum of future royalty flows net of discounted taxes, increased by the discounted residual trademark value. 

In summary, the trademark valuation methods are diverse and many factors need to be taken into consideration when it comes to accurate valuation of a trademark. There is no “one size fits all” approach. Rather, it is the use of two to three methods of investigation and analysis to derive an accurate and conclusive value.

 

Other topics –> Walking Meditation For Beginners – 4 Step Basic Guide